Bonsai, care and advice

Bonsai, care and advice

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The art of bonsai is to reduce the size of the plant, to achieve a dwarf specimen, and give it certain and careful forms, using techniques such as pruning, transplantation, etc.
What type of pot does a bonsai need? The size will depend on what the tree has. The base has to be flat and the pot must be porous and with a drain hole, so we will prevent the water from getting stuck.
Bonsai need to be transplanted? It is convenient to do it every 2 or 3 years The transplant is done in spring except those that are blooming. Anyway, if we see that the bonsai stops growing, that the leaves yellow or that the roots leave the earth, an urgent transplant must be done.When should we prune? Pruning is done before spring, in January / February It is done not only to trim the branches and reduce the tree canopy, but so that the bonsai is strengthened and enjoys excellent health.
How long can a bonsai last? If you take good care of it, rotting it, watering it properly can get to live exactly the same as a tree.

With embroidered frames. To decorate this space we have used two bonsai of different sizes, from Los Peñotes, and as background we have put some pictures with trees embroidered in petit point and painted wooden frames, of 4 miter.

2 Technical sheet

A bonsai is a miniature tree that needs attention. Take good care of it and you will live as many years as the large specimens.

Light. Bonsai needs sunlight to develop. It is best to place it near the windows but taking care that it does not have an intense exposure.
Temperature. Never lower than 10º C and, outside, you must protect them from frost. If the temperature exceeds 15º C it is best to take it out about 4 hours avoiding noon.
Irrigation. The soil should always be wet, water at least twice a week. If the water is calcareous, let it sit before. The old Japanese custom is to water them 3 times, once in the pot, once in the ground and once in the tree. The water must be warm; Spraying them comes in handy, as it serves to create the moist atmosphere that the plant needs.
Fertilizer. Use solid organic fertilizer for bonsai during spring and autumn, the growth period. If you have transplanted or pruned their branches, do not pay until 30 days later.

3 Most Common Problems

The leaves turn yellow and the cup becomes fragile. When this happens it is because the bonsai has earthworms and the roots have rotted. To solve it, you have to transplant the tree, clean the roots and use a special fungicide for bonsai. The leaves have cotton on the underside. This is because they have parasites called white or cotton mealybugs. Spray sick leaves with an insecticide ... The leaves have grayish spots. If the bonsai has leaves with spots of this tone, it means they are sick, so they have to be pruned and sprayed with specific fungicides. On the underside of the leaves we see a fine spider web. That is because it has a red spider and the cause is high temperatures and a dry environment. We will remove it by spraying the leaves with insecticides for about a month.

4 Millennial technique

Of oriental origin. The translation of the word bonsai already indicates what we are talking about. Bon means tray and sai, nature. That is, plant in a tray. The origin of this technique is in China, although then it was in Japan where it was perfected and developed. You can create a bonsai from a seed or cuttings but it is a very long process, so it is best to buy it with some years. Age, together with the complexity of the tree's shape, is what determines its price.

5 How to change the pot

To clean the roots well and renew the soil, a bonsai should be transplanted once every two years. But be careful, do not pass it to a larger pot, as that would make it grow more. You can use the same one you have, always after cleaning it well.

1. The first thing is to carefully remove the plant from the pot and clean, little by little, the roots with a reamer, if you have it, or simply with a fork. Try not to remove all the land you have.

2. With a special pliers, cut the roots, leaving them in half and remove those that are dry. If you want new roots to be born, add growth hormones with organic fertilizer balls.

3. Tie the block of the roots with a gardening string, pass it, as in the drawing, through the drainage holes, pour a mixture of perlite and flint, place the plant and fill it with soil.

6 How to guide and shape

1. You need a pliers for the branches and scissors for the leaves. Pass a bonsai wire around the trunk and guide the branch with it, to give it the shape, as you can see in the drawing. Attach the branch to the wire with a thinner one.

2. Stand out, with special scissors, almost as far as the branch is tied. Cut above the "armpit", since that is where the new bud will grow. Keep doing the same with the rest of the branches, and the highest ones, leave them in the middle to keep the shape of the cup.